Arab Republic of Egypt
Ministry of Education
General secondary Education Certificate Examination, 2007
[First Stage - First Session]
First Foreign Language: English (1)_______________________Time: 3 hours
اللغة الأجنبية الأولى: الإنجليزية (1)
A- Language Functions
1- Supply the missing parts in the following dialogue on the phone between Peter and his Egyptian friend Hany:
Peter : Where do you think I should spend this last week of my visit to Egypt ?
Hany : Mm, well, I suggest two places, Alex or the Red Sea, but .(1) .. .
Peter : (2) .. ?
Hany : It's the best place where .(3) .
Peter : Good idea. I would enjoy seeing the coral reefs, but there is a problem, I'm not a
Hany : (4) .. .
Peter : Fantastic. It will be a nice voyage.
2- Supply the missing parts in the following mini-dialogues:
1-Yasser has borrowed a book from his friend Ahmed. He wants to keep it a bit longer
and Ahmed agrees.
Yasser : I'd like to keep the book for a few more days.
Ahmed : ........................(1) ............................
2-Dalia is talking to her friend Amal who doesn't look well.
Dalia : ........................(2)...........................?
Amal : I've got a bad headache.
3-You call on your friend while he is having dinner. You apologize and your friend
accepts the apology.
You : ..................... (3)............................ .
Friend : ........................(4)............................ .
B- Vocabulary and Structure
3-Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d:
1- A ......... is an instruction to the bank to pay somebody.
a) bill b) cheque . c) tax d) currency
2- An earthquake destroyed the stadium of Olympia and a ....... covered it.
a) landfill b) landmark c) landscape d) landslide
3- Hany is a careless driver, he drives at a ............ speed.
a) break up b) break out c) break through d) breakneck
4- They couldn't go swimming because they ............their swimsuits.
a) forget b) have forgotten c) had forgotten d) will forget
5- Plane loads of holiday ............ are carried to destinations all over the world.
a) drivers b) doers c) riders d) makers
6- Before .......... for London, he had paid off his debts.
a) leaving b) left c) had left d) leave
7-1 have been trying to get the problem ............. to him, but he doesn't understand.
a) along b) apart c) across d) aside
8- One system of government is ........... democracy.
a) the b) - (no article) c) a d) an
9-I........... swimming to playing football.
a) like b) prefer c) go d) enjoy
10- .........you are too young, you can't vote.
a) So b) However c) Unless d) As
11-.............. of tourists are always seen in front of famous museums and historic buildings.
a) Schools b) Crocodiles c) Swamps d) Serpents
12- If I hadn't bought a car, I........... that accident.
a) wouldn't have b) hadn't had c) didn't have d) wouldn't have had
13- A few years ago, some countries in Africa had a terrible .......... and many
people died because of lack of water.
a) flood b) drought c) tornado d) hurricane
14-The reason .......... his failure in the exam was that he didn't study well.
a) on b) of c) for d) from
15-Severe changes in the environment have a ........... effect on the health of
tiny living polyps.
a) fantastic b) heroic c) disastrous d) prosperous
16- Hany couldn't answer the phone because he ......... a shower.
a) had b) was having c) has d) had had
4-Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets without changing the
1- I don't like going to the cinema very much . (keen)
2- A woollen suit is not as waterproof as the clothing climbers use today, (than)
3- We're going to have a big problem if we don't do something about pollution. (fix)
4- The last time I saw Mona was in 1999. (since)
5- The workers finished painting our new house. We moved into it. (until)
5-Read and then write notes on the passage:
People usually build their houses out of the materials that are available to them. People build their homes out of wood as in North America and Scandinavia. These areas have large forests, so wood is easy to get. In Europe, most people build their houses of stone and brick. In tropical regions, houses are sometimes made from plants as in Africa or Asia, where houses may be made of bamboo. In very cold areas, people make their homes of blocks of ice.
1- Materials used for building : ............ .
2- In Scandinavia, people get wood from : ................ .
3- Houses are made of blocks of ice in : .
6-Read the following passage and then answer the questions:
Population problems are different in different parts of the world. For example, in many European countries the population is getting older. The birth rate is very low because many young people have only one child or none at all. People are living longer, too. At the moment many old people are very lonely and often very poor. If people had expected to live so long, they would probably have saved more money for their retirement.
In Africa, the problems of the future will be very different. There, the population is doubling every 24 years. Many families continue to have large numbers of children to look after older people and to help on the land. However, better medical services have increased life expectancy and more children survive to become adults. Research shows that the size of the family is connected with the standard of women's education. If more girls had gone to school in the last 20 years, family size in Africa would probably not have continued to be so big.
In contrast, the problem in Asia is not just population growth but also overcrowding in many cities. Traditionally, most people have lived in the countryside, but within the next 25 years more than 65 % will live in cities. If Asian countries had expected this kind of change 20 years ago. they would have tried to provide more work and better education in the countryside. This is starting to happen now, but it may be too late.
A) Answer the following questions:
1- Why are many old people in Europe very poor?
2- How can Asian countries solve the problem of overcrowding in many cities?
3- What are the effects of over population in any country?
4- The size of the family is connected with the standard of women's education. Explain.
B) Choose the correct answer:
5- A suitable title for the passage can be:
a) World resources b) World population
c) World problems d) World changes
6- Life expectancy in the passage means
a) experienced life b) long life c) average life d) expanding life
7- In Asia, after 25 years most people
a) will live in the countryside. b) will leave cities.
c) will live in cities. d) will leave to the countryside.
7-A) Answer the following questions:
1- Why was the female spider much more dangerous than the male spider?
2- In Dr. Fakhry's opinion, what was another possible reason for the
disappearance of the town?
3- Captain Ahmed wanted to destroy the spiders in the archaeological site
but professor Jones had a different opinion. ( Explain )
B) Read the following quotation and then answer the questions:
"Keep still. I want to take a photo. Don't move."
1- Who said these words? To whom?
2- Why did the speaker want this person to keep still?
3- How did the speaker make use of his camera in this situation?
C) Complete the following sentences:
1- When venom enters the body of a person or an animal, ..............
2- Dr. Fakhry felt a shiver down the back of her neck when ...............
3- Spiders were useful because ....................
8- Write a reply to the following letter from your Syrian friend Jomana. Your name is Asmaa and you live at 18, Horreya Street, Heliopolis.
How nice it is to remember the happy old days. Six months have passed since we last met. I've got some good news for you. I joined the faculty of Fine Arts. My studies take up all my time but I'm looking forward to coming for the summer holidays. Tell me how things are going along. What faculty have you joined in Cairo? How are you going on with your studies? You promised to visit our country soon. If so, let me know.
9- A) Translate into Arabic:
Nobody is going to hand you success on a silver plate. If you want to make it, you'll have to make it on your own. In order to be successful, you should have courage, ambition, self-confidence and self-dependence.
B) Translate into English:
تحذر الدولة الشباب دائما من الهجرة غير الشرعية لتجنب التعرض للمخاطر.